Hormozgan

Hormozgan

Bandar Abbas City: Bandar Abbas, the capital of Hormozgan province, is 11m above sea level, and lies at a distance of 1,051km from Tehran. This is considered to be one of the most important Iranian ports on the Persian Gulf and the sea of Oman. This port is connected to other parts of Iran and the world through air, land and marine routes. It is also on railway line.The Portuguese army captured Bandar Abbas early 16th century. Shah Abbas I of Safavid dynasty occupied this port which was known as Gambroon in 1622, and changed its name into Bandar Abbas. The English and Dutch erected installations and forts on this port to safeguard their interests. When oil was discovered, the great powers considered the Persian Gulf and strait of Hormoz as the major strategic region of the Middle East. Today, this region is one of the most significant parts of the world, because of marine trade, great supplies of oil and the military position.

Province

The province of Hormozgan covers an area of 71,193 km2, and lies in the southern parts of Iran. It is surrounded by the province of Kerman to its north and northeast, Fars and Bushehr to the west, Sistan-Va-Baluchestan to the east, and Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman to the south. The capital of this province is Bandar Abbas, and its other major cities are Abu Musa, Jask, Haji Abad, Qeshm, Bandar Lengeh, Minab and Rudan. In 1996, the population of this province was 1,062,155. Fishing and marine-related industries such as producing canned fish and fishmeal are amongst the main activities of this region. Major products of this province are vegetables, citrus fruits and dates. Oil and gas are considered to be the most essential natural resources of Hormozgan province. Hormozgan also possesses other important mines such as different kinds of construction and decorative stones, chromites and ferrous oxide. The Commercial Free Zone of Qeshm and Kish, provide a great source of attraction to this region. The outstanding feature of this province is a dry and warm climate with high humidity. It has very hot summers and moderate winters. The average temperature in Bandar Abbas is 28.9°c in spring, 33.7°c in summer, 25.6°c in autumn, and 19.3°c in winter. Over the past 30 years, the maximum absolute temperature recorded in Bandar Abbas was 51°c, minimum absolute temperature 2°c, and the average 26.8°c. The average relative humidity at 06:30 hours, 81% and at 12:30, 52% average annual rainfall, 187.5 mm; maximum amount of rainfall on a single day, 210 mm; average number of days with temperature below 0°c; number of hours of sunshine over the entire year, 3,062.9; maximum wind speed, 29 meters per second, blowing in the direction of 240.

 Major natural features

The Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea, whose banks provide excellent opportunities for recreation in the cool seasons, lie to the south of this province. In winter, when most of the regions of Iran have cold weather and are covered in snow, the moderate climate of the coasts offers good opportunities for receiving tourists. In addition to their impressive coasts, they also have a wide collection of aquatic species. There are about 200 species of fish and many different types of oysters and corals in the Persian Gulf. The ports and islands of the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea are considered as the most significant commercial and shipping centers of Iran. Qeshm Island, the largest and most populated island of the Persian Gulf, enjoys a relatively better climate than other islands of the region. Thanks to its numerous historic landmarks and also large expanses of forest, this island has a great deal of attraction. Kish Islands with its coral reefs is one of the most beautiful islands of the world.

Museums

Bandar Abbas Water Museum: Traditional means of supplying water are put on display in this museum.

Bandar Abbas Museum: Museum of ancient articles and coins.

Major Monuments

Name: Kharboz City

Type: An ancient city. Description:  In this city, which is 7km long, a large number of articles and earthenware have been found.

Name: The Dock of Laft Port

Type: An ancient dock. Description: There is a dock in the port of Laft which was used in Mede and Achaemenid eras.

Name: Fekri Building

Type: A historic. Description: The inlaid and plaster works of this building are very impressive and remarkable.

Name: Hormoz Castle

Type: A historic castle. Description: This castle was constructed during the time of Portuguese domination over this island, and it was captured by Iranians at the time of shah Abbas I of Safavid era.

 Name: The Portuguese Castle

Type: Historic castle. Description: This castle was constructed at the order of spain’s king and was captured by Iranian army one year later.

Name: Ebne Abbas’s Mosque

Type: Mosque and Minaret. Description: This minaret display Indian and Iranian architectures and Indian decoration elements can be easily distinguished in it.

 Name: TheHinduTemple

Type: Mosque. Description: The dome of this temple is influenced by Indian architecture and is quite different from other Iranian domes.

Name: Mitra’s Temple

Type: Before Christ. Description: This is a collection of rock architecture, where the special ceremony for worshipping Mitra used to be performed.

Other Monuments

Bandar Abaas: Latidan Bridge, Laft Castle, Dejgan Mosque, Jame Mosque, Imamzadeh sayid Kamel.

Qeshm Island: Koulghan ancient Hill, Bibi Water reservoir, Balatel dam, Sheikh Andar Abi’s Shrine.

Minab: Bibi Minou Castle, Imamzadeh Amir Divan.

  

 

  

 

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