Bushehr City: Bushehr port, the capital of the province lies at a distance of 1,215 km from Tehran and is one of the major ports in the south of Iran. Because of the strategic importance of the Persian Gulf and its economic and commercial aspects, Iranian and foreign governments have always considered Bushehr as one of the most prominent Iranian cities. Khark Island was captured by the Dutch in 16th century. The naval force of England also occupied Borazjan and Bushehr late 19th century. Rais Ali Delvari, the Iranian constitutionalist, fought against England’s naval force in 1913 and was martyred in this cause. Because of its commercial relations with the other parts of the world, Bushehr was one of the first cities of Iran where the symbol of modernity such as the newspaper, printing and electricity appears. A special form of the couplet, known as Sharveh, which has mainly love poems contexts, is popular in this province. Faez Dashtestani and Maftoon are the famous past composers of these poems.
Bushehr province covers an area of 23,168 km and lies on the coast of the Persian Gulf. It is surrounded by the provinces of Khuzestan and Kohgilouyeh-va-Boirahmad on the west and Fars on the east. This province has a capital by the same name and its other major towns are Dashtestan, Dashti, Dayyer, Deylam, Genaveh, Kangan and tangestan. In 1996, the population of Bushehr province was 743,675. The major products of Bushehr are: dates, citrus fruits, wheat, grain and tobacco. Because it has a long coast on the Persian Gulf (about 600km), fishing is one of the essential activities of this province. Iran’s only atomic power plant, which is presently under construction, lies in this province. The major industries of Bushehr are those of chemicals, foodstuffs and pharmaceuticals. The climate of this province is warm and humid in the coastal regions, and warm and dry in the northern parts. The average temperature in Bushehr is 26.6°c in spring, 32.2°c in summer, 22.7°c in autumn, and 15.8°c in winter. In a study carries out over a 30-year period, the average temperature of this province was established to be 24.5°c; average relative humidity at 06:30 hours, 77%, and at 12:30 hours, 51%; average annual rainfall, 237.1 mm; maximum amount of rainfall over a single days, 150mm; average number of hours of sunshine over the entire year, 3,062.9; maximum wind speed, 29 meters per second, blowing in the direction of 240. The temperature in Bushahr has never fallen below 0c. This province, which is considered to be one of the warmest and most humid provinces of Iran, has a relatively moderate climate in winter. Bushehr is also subject to seasonal winds of the Persian Gulf which sometimes cause heavy damages.
Major natural features
The Oman Sea and the Persian Gulf in the west and southwest of this province, offer a great source of marine life and excellent habitat for birds. They also provide good opportunity for swimming, boat-riding and water-skiing. Dalaki River, 170 km long, is one of the major rivers of this province. The construction of Shabankareh dam on this river has provided excellent means of irrigating the surrounding land and great opportunities for recreation. Mond River, 685km long, has many branches and pours into the Persian Gulf, at the port of Kangan. The marsh of Helleh, where the two rivers of Dalaki and Shapoor meet, hosts a large number of migrating birds each year, and is a great source of attraction. This province is very rich in mineral hot water springs which are used for therapeutic purposes by many people. The most prominent are springs of Dalaki, near Borazjan; Mirahmad on Ahrom-Khormoj road, and Ahrom. Khark Island, the most significant island of Iran, is under Bushehr province administration. In addition to its great facilities for loading of oil, this island possesses numerous historic monuments. It is one of the major islands for berthing of ocean-going oil tankers. The continuation of Zagros range of mountains along the northern parts of Bushehr province forms its major highlands, whose highest peak is Mount Siyah (Black). This region is also home to different species of games such as the wild goat and ram.
Museum of Rais Ali Delvari: This museum relates to the struggles of Rais Ali Delvari, the Iranian nationalist.
Name: kurosh’s (cyrus’s) palace
Type: An ancient palace. Description: This palace was constructed during the time of Kurosh and has a unique architectural style.
Name: Goore Dokhtar (The Tomb of the Girl)
Type: An ancient tomb. Description: This stone monument is very similar to the tomb of Kurosh which lies in Pasargad near Takhte Jamshid (Perspolis)
Name: Cave of Forty Houses
Type: Ancient cave and tomb. Description: This cave, constructed as little rooms and crypts, is situated on the two sides of Shapoor River.
Name: Imamzadeh Abdol Mohiman
Type: Shrine. Description: This building has been reconstructed several times. Its present dome dates back to the Qajar era.
Name: Malek Building
Type: A complex of buildings. Description: Although the influence of Iranian architecture can be distinguished in this building, it has been actually designed by French architects.
Type: An ancient city. Description: This city was one of the major centers of the empire of Ilam. A large number of beautiful brass and earthenware items have been found there.
Name: Khormoj Castle
Type: Historic citadel and tower. Description: This complex has exquisite plasterwork and impressive arches.
Type: An ancient port. Description: This city was one of the most prominent ports of Iran during the Sassanid era. It also enjoyed particular glory and prosperity in the early Islamic period. It is a complex of Sassanid castle, mosques and palace.
Name: Immzadeh Soleyman
Type: Shrine. Description: This building is a great antiquity, despite the fact that its huge dome and plasterwork is only 70 years old. The people of this region believe that it is the shrine of one of the sons of Imam Zeinol Abedin, the fourth Imam of the Shias.
Bushehr: Mosque of Sheikh Sa-adoon, The Dutch Castle, House of the Judge, Khark’s Church, Puzeiendun Temple, Holly Christ Church, Palace of Bardak Siyah.
Dashti: Imamzadeh Miram, Badestan Mosque.
Tangestan: Castle of Zar Hazar Khan.
Deylam: Sea neez, Ancient port: Mahrouban.
The main handicraft of this province is Gabbeh, a particular type of carpet which is woven using sheep’s wool and goat’s hair. Other major industries of Bushehr are felt making, mat-making, kilim, weaving, carpet weaving and net weaving.